Mexican man, who has lost his legs, pauses on Avenida Revolucion (Revolution Avenue), just a few hundred meters from the US border, where thousands of Americans and other non-Mexicans come for a day trip to sample Mexican culture, Tijuana, Mexico. 2006
 Dusty, impoverished and makeshift Tijuana stretched south from just below the US border, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.  2007  Tijuana does not possess as much water as San Diego, California and more reflected the natural climate of the region.
 Heavy chains fix front wheels of car to house in 2008.  Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.  Crime and car theft are indicative of the higher level of poverty south of the border. 
 Young boy smokes a cigarette in Tijuana descending from a pedestrian bridge in 1987.  Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.  Tijuana can be rough now but the standard of living is markedly higher in much of the city now due in large part to maquiladoras (factories for international companies on the Mexico side of the border that take advantage of the lower wages found in Mexico and the North American Free Trade Act [NAFTA]) which provides jobs to over 100,000 people in Tijuana and large numbers of people from Tijuana who cross the border every day to work for higher wages in the United States.  In 1987, there was more widespread poverty in Tijuana than there is today.
 A marble statue of a Catholic saint as seen from a Tijuana city bus, Mexico.  Catholicism occupies a central position in Mexican society.  2006
 Young boys from Colonia Libertad, Tijuana, just a few hundred meters from the US border fence, Tijuana, Mexico.  2006  There remains deep poverty within Tijuana, although the infrastructure has improved significantly over the past three decades in many parts of the city.
 Man carries a guitar down Zona Norte street, Tijuana, Mexico.  2008
 Man making a long distance call in a telephone office in the middle of the Coahuila District of Zona Norte, Tijuana, Mexico.  2006
 Indigena mother (indigenous probably from Southern Mexico) cradled her infant beside her accordian which sat idle beside her in 2006.  She sang Mexican folk songs seated on the pavement of Zona Central to earn money for her family in Tijuana just a few hundred meters from the US - Mexico border.  Mexico.
 Iconic paintings of late pop figures Bob Marley and Frida Kahlo mingle with the Mona Lisa, and surreal religious paintings at a vendor's space on a Tijuana sidewalk right next to the US - Mexico border.   Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.  2006
 A family, in 1991, sits for a photo with the iconic donkey painted with zebra stripes which has been and continues to be emblematic of Avenida Revolucion, the main tourist street in the center of Tijuana, Mexico.
 Entering Tijuana, Mexico by car in 1987.  There was no ID necessary to enter Mexico and no traffic jam to enter the country.  For people of all nationalities, it is and was necessary to present a passport to enter the United States.  Until relatively recently an American citizen could re-enter the US with a picture ID like a drivers license.  Now, even Americans need to present a passport.
 Shopkeeper steps passed a drunken man passed out in front of her doorway in Zona Centro, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico in 1987.  In the 80's, Tijuana was a typical city in the developing world with overburdened infrastructure that could not keep up with its burgeoning population.  Migrants would come here to cross into the United States in greater numbers than now because the border was more porous.  
 Man makes gesture in front of taco stand in Coahuila red light district, Zona Norte, Tijuana, Mexico.  2007
 Musician carrying his accordion passes door of brothel / hotel entrance in the Coahuila red-light district of Zona Norte, Tijuana, Mexico.  2007
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